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 ***二战武器介绍图片贴, 不定期更新***

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今天介绍几款二战时期德国的自行火炮 Self-propelled artilleryed 或者叫Self-propelled Gun 缩写SPG 第一款 Wespe Sdkfz 124 The SdKfz 124 Wespe (German for \"wasp\"), also known as Leichte Feldhaubitze 18 auf Fahrgestell Panzerkampfwagen II (\"Light field howitzer 18 on Panzer II chassis\"), was a German self-propelled artillery vehicle developed and used during the Second World War. It was based mainly on the Panzer II tank. 是在2号坦克底盘基础上研发出来的自行火炮 英文是叫Wasp 黄蜂;胡蜂的意思 图片;现存德国博物馆里的SdKfz124 Wespe自行火炮

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2012-02-04 14:10:43
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设计和发展 In 1940, during the Battle of France, it was apparent that the main tank of the German forces, the Panzer II, was unsuitable as a tank; though mechanically sound, it was both under-gunned and under-armoured. Thus, when the need arose for a self-propelled artillery vehicle, the Panzer II was a natural choice, removing the vehicles from front line service and extending their usable lifespan. The design for the Wespe was produced by Alkett, and was based on the Panzer II Ausf. F chassis. Production of the vehicles was carried out at various plants, mainly in occupied Poland, Specifically Warsaw\'s Famo factory. The conversion process itself proved relatively simple, involving the replacement of the Panzer II turret with a 105 mm leFH 18 howitzer and a gun-shield. Wespe的主要设计思想就是提供所有的机动力量以适当和直接的火力支援。Wespe被编入装甲师所属的炮兵。每组装备6辆以及两辆弹药补给车。从1943年到1945年,几乎所有的德军前线装甲师都装备了Wespe。   Wespe基于PzIIF型的底盘和部件。车体略微加长,引擎被前移并加固了悬挂系统以承受开火时严重的后座力。榴弹炮安装在敞开式的上部结构中,上部结构容纳乘员和32发炮弹。105mm的leFH18型榴弹炮水平转角是左右各17度,可以发射高爆弹,穿甲弹等弹种,最大射击距离为8400米。战斗室内设置了MG34机枪提供乘员的自身防护。驾驶舱有两种设计,早期的安装在标准的PzIIF型底盘上,而后期的则安装在加长了220mm的底盘上。   为了能在战地对Wespe实施弹药补给,设计了一种无火力装备的弹药补给车,可以携带90发炮弹,3人操作。这种车一共生产了159辆。   Wespe是Alkett公司设计的,不过却是Famo和Maschinenwerke生产。一开始,要求生产1000辆,不过到了1943年后期,只要求生产835辆,其中还包括弹药补给车。1943年2月至1944年7/8月,一共制造了676辆Wespe和159辆弹药补给车。 图片 库尔思克战役中的SdKfz124 Wespe Battle of Kursk

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2012-02-04 14:15:13
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参战历史 The Wespe first saw combat in 1943 on the Eastern Front, and proved so successful that Hitler ordered all Panzer II production to be reserved for the Wespe alone, dropping other projects such as the Marder II self-propelled anti-tank gun. They were allocated to the armored artillery battalions (Panzerartillerie Abteilungen) of Panzer divisions along with heavier Hummel self-propelled guns. The Wespe had major success because of it\'s ability to fit in with the German plan of Blitzkrieg by having a great mobility along with firepower. The Wespe stayed in production from February 1943 until mid-1944. By that time, 682 had been produced, with an additional 158 built as weaponless ammunition carriers. Wespe首次大规模参战是在1943年7月的库尔斯克,表现很出色。之后一直到战争结束Wespe活跃在各条战线。1945年3月的时候德军还装备了307辆Wespe自行火炮。 图片 1944年在诺曼底摧毁的Wespe

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 14:17:22
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Wespe主要性能数据列表   战斗全重11000kg   车长4.81m   车宽2.28m   车高2.30m   引擎MaybachHL62TR   最大速度公路/越野:40/20km/h   最大行程公路/越野:140/95km   乘员4人   火力装备105mmleFH18ML/28;1x7.92mmMG34(t)   弹药105mm:32发;7.92mm:n.a.发   装甲5-30mm   爬坡度30度   通过垂直墙高0.56m   越壕宽1.70m   涉水深0.85m 图片 1944年诺曼底的涂装

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2012-02-04 14:26:57
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SdKfz124 Wespe 绘画

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2012-02-04 14:30:24
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内部情况

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2012-02-04 14:34:06
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大炮在装上去

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2012-02-04 14:36:33
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SdKfz124 Wespe 模型

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2012-02-04 14:43:24
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1943年东线 第二装甲师的Wespe

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2012-02-04 14:50:40
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Wespe在越过小土丘

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2012-02-04 14:51:52
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介绍下nashorn和hummel吧,以前打游戏经常用的战车

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2012-02-04 14:54:09
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Hummel 野蜂自行火炮 The Hummel (\"Bumble Bee\") was a self-propelled artillery gun based on the Geschützwagen III/IV chassis, armed with a 15 cm howitzer. It was used by the German Wehrmacht during the Second World War from late 1942 until the end of the war. 是在3号和4号坦克底盘上开发的自行火炮。1942年晚期开始一直到战争结束。也可以叫大黄蜂自行火炮。 The full designation was Panzerfeldhaubitze 18M auf Geschützwagen III/IV (Sf) Hummel, Sd.Kfz. 165. On February 27, 1944, Hitler ordered the name Hummel (German: \"Bumblebee\") to be dropped as being inappropriate for a fighting vehicle. 图片 现存博物馆里的SdKfz165 Hummel

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2012-02-04 15:02:56
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野蜂式自行火炮(德文:Hummel,英文意义\"Bumble Bee\")是第二次世界大战纳粹德国以三号/四号坦克混种车体为基础,开发出来的一款自行火炮,主要武装为一门150mm榴弹炮。由德意志国防军从1942年晚期起使用,直至二次大战结束。赋编型号全称为\"Panzerfeldhaubitze 18M auf Geschützwagen III/IV (Sf) Hummel, Sd.Kfz. 165\",\"Hummel\"此型称是1944年2月27日由希特勒授名。 开发过程 The Hummel was designed in 1942 out of a need for mobile artillery support for the tank forces, the lack of which had first been felt during Operation Barbarossa. There were some self-propelled artillery vehicles already in service with the Wehrmacht at the time, but most were of limited value. The first option looked at was to mount a 10.5 cm leFH17 howitzer on a Panzer III chassis, but this was rejected in favour of the same howitzer on a Panzer IV chassis. One prototype was built of this design. This design was again rejected, this time in favour of a more powerful solution: mounting the 15 cm sFH 18 L/30 howitzer on the specially designed Geschützwagen III/IV, which took elements of both the Panzer III (driving and steering system) and Panzer IV chassis (suspension and engine). The same chassis was also used for the Nashorn tank destroyer. The Hummel had an open-topped lightly armoured fighting compartment at the back of the vehicle which housed both the howitzer and the crew. The engine was moved to the centre of the vehicle to make room for this compartment. Late model Hummels had a slightly redesigned driver compartment and front superstructure, to offer more room to the radio operator and driver. 野蜂式自行火炮设计于1942年。1941年6月,德国发动巴巴罗萨作战入侵苏联,前锋装甲部队缺乏机动炮兵火力支援,当时虽然已有几种自行火炮车服役中,但德国陆军对其性能及表现并不满意,因此1942年德国陆军开始设计新型自行火炮来满足需求。   第一个考虑方案是以三号坦克车体搭载一门leFH17 105mm榴弹炮,但军方偏好使用四号坦克车体,于是本案在制造原型车一辆后被搁置。替代方案则是计划使用特别设计的Geschützwagen III/IV车体,但搭载一门sFH18 150mm 30倍径榴弹炮。Geschützwagen III/IV车体是一种三号/四号坦克混种车体,结合了三号坦克的驾驶、转向系统以及四号坦克的引擎、悬吊系统,这个车体后来也使用于犀牛式驱逐战车。新式自行火炮就以此定案,命名为“三/四号自行火炮”,\"Hummel\"名称是后来希特勒命名的。   野蜂式自行火炮在车体后方有一个顶部开放式战斗间,并有10mm的装甲围绕以保护乘员与火炮,引擎移至车体中央部份以让出空间给战斗间。末期型则将驾驶室与上层结构稍为修改,以便给驾驶与通信员有较大的空间。

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 15:05:12
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产量和衍生车型 Because the basic Hummel could only carry a limited amount of ammunition, the Munitionsträger Hummel (ammunition carrier Hummel) was developed. This was basically a standard production Hummel without the howitzer (a 10 mm armour plate covering the gun mount) and with racks fitted to hold the ammunition. When necessary, these could still be fitted with the 15 cm howitzer of the normal Hummel; this could even be done as a field conversion. By the end of the war 714 Hummels had been built with another 150 ammunition carriers using the same design. 由于基本型野蜂自行火炮只能携带数量有限的弹药,所以又开发出\"Munitionsträger Hummel\"野蜂弹药运输车以协同作战。野蜂弹药运输车基本上就是没有装备火炮的野蜂,但有装设置弹架以便输送弹药。如果情势需要,野蜂弹药运输车也可以重新武装,在战场装上榴弹炮,摇身一变成为正规野蜂自行火炮作战。   到战争结束为止,总共生产了714辆野蜂自行火炮及150辆野蜂弹药运输车。

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 15:07:07
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战后使用 Foreign use Romania received one unit from the Red Army after the war ended. The Hummel was used by the 2nd Armoured Regiment with the registration number U069009. Officially known as the Hummel TAs self-propelled gun in the army inventory. The gun couldn\'t be used because it was missing the lock. It was shown to the public on the 10th of May Bucharest parade in 1946 with Romanian markings. All German armour units in Romania were scrapped by 1954. 罗马尼亚从红军那里得到一辆后来在罗马尼亚军队中服役。但是大炮缺少什么锁不能使用。1946年5月10日参加布达佩斯的**,但最后在954年被销毁。 图片 А 150 mm SP gun «Hummel» of the Separate SP Gun Battalion. The 3rd Ukrainian Front, 27th Army, vic. Lake Balaton, March 1945 1945年3月红军缴获的hummel 乌克兰前线27军

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 15:14:05
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1945年 在匈牙利的苏联缴获的hummel

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2012-02-04 15:16:15
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主要性能参数 乘员 6人 (驾驶1人,炮班5人)   长度 7.17 m   阔度 2.97 m   高度 2.81 m   重量 24 吨   装甲与武器   装甲 10 ~ 30mm   主要武器 sFH18 L/30 150mm 30倍径榴弹炮 X 1   18发炮弹   次要武器 MG 34 7.92mm 机枪 X 1   600发子弹   机动性   发动机 V12 梅巴赫HL120 P30发动机 296匹   悬挂系统 叶片弹簧式   平地时速 42公里/小时   马力/重量 12.5匹/吨   行动距离 215公里

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2012-02-04 15:19:16
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继续

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2012-02-04 15:20:21
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卡通画

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2012-02-04 15:21:05
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Sd.Kfz. 165\",\"Hummel\" 模型彩图

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2012-02-04 15:22:45
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Sd.Kfz. 165\",\"Hummel\" 炮弹有多少大

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2012-02-04 15:24:14
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Sd.Kfz. 165\",\"Hummel\" 火炮阵地在开火

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2012-02-04 15:25:42
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Sd.Kfz. 165\",\"Hummel\" 火炮阵地

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2012-02-04 15:26:26
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一排 Sd.Kfz. 165\",\"Hummel\" 在前进

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2012-02-04 15:27:16
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最后一张Sd.Kfz. 165\",\"Hummel\" 彩色模型成品

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2012-02-04 15:31:41
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第三款 SdKfz 138/1 Grille I/II 蟋蟀式自行火炮 The Grille (German: \"cricket\") series of self propelled artillery vehicles were used by Nazi Germany during World War II. The Grille series was based on the Czech Panzer 38(t) tank and used a 15 cm sIG 33 infantry gun. 蟋蟀式自行火炮(Grille)为德国在第二次世界大战时所使用的一款自行火炮。它是以捷克制造的Panzer 38(t)坦克的底盘作基础,再加装上150毫米sIG 33步兵炮而成。 图片 Sd.Kfz. 138-1 Grille 在博物馆

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2012-02-04 18:27:04
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发展 The original order for 200 units of the Grille, was to be based on the new 38(t) Ausf M chassis that BMM (Böhmisch-Mährische Maschinenfabrik) was developing, however delays caused production to start on the 38(t) Ausf H chassis, using, in some cases, the older 38(t)\'s returned for factory refit. 最先生产的蟋蟀是在Panzer 38(t)H型坦克底盘上改造的,在拆除了上层炮塔以后,重新分割战斗室而将SIG33型步兵炮放入,就简单的成为了新的蟋蟀H型火炮,宝马公司在布拉格的工厂开始生产蟋蟀H型。1943年2月到4月中,这种车辆一共生产了91辆(其中包括一辆样车)。它的特点是上层建筑低矮,由于完全采用坦克底盘它的正面防护达到50毫米,而上层防盾也有25毫米。在希特勒的授权下,为了尽快提高蟋蟀H型的生产速度,很多38(t)型坦克被从前线拉回进行自行火炮改装

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 18:32:41
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来自:上海
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蟋蟀式H型   在1942年,德国为了谋求加强战车的火力,便开始研究如何在旧有坦克的底盘中加装重型火炮。设计者把捷克的Panzer 38(t)H型坦克的炮塔移去,并在坦克顶部划开一个隔间,再在这个隔间中加装了150毫米sIG 33重型火炮,便成为了一架自行火炮。而德国方面更在1943年生产了91辆这种战斗车辆。官方更将之命名为“蟋蟀式H型”。 蟋蟀式M型   而蟋蟀式的第二款型号则以Panzer 38(t)M型作底盘。同样地,设计者又把它的炮塔去掉,再加装一个大型隔间,并再里面安放一支150毫米sIG重型火炮。但与H型不同的是,它这个隔间被划在车身的较后部份,亦稍微比H型的细小及较高。   德国要求开发这架战斗车辆是因为原本的蟋蟀式自行火炮并不能有效率地使用,其重型大炮安放在车身的前端使得车身重量不平衡,令车辆行进时极不稳定。这架新型的蟋蟀式把火炮安放在车身较后位置,使得车身得以平衡。  在1942至1943年间,德国共制造了282辆这款战车,并被命名为“蟋蟀式M型”。

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 18:33:53
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673
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------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- you\'re in, never out
2012-02-04 18:35:30
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战斗历史 Combat history Both versions were intended to take service in the schwere Infantreriegeschütz Companies within the Panzergrenadier Regiments, inside Panzer and Panzergrenadier Divisions, in their heavy infantry gun units. Each detachment had six available. 两款蟋蟀式都被德军装甲师及装甲掷弹兵师所采用,大大提高了火力。 图片 M型

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 18:36:30
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蟋蟀式自行火炮 Ausf H型 H型的特点是炮塔更往前面一点.H型是靠后的

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 18:39:40
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蟋蟀H型 性能参数 Specifications General Type: Light Assault Gun Crew: 5 Production: 90 (02/1943 - 04/1943) Engine Praga EPA/2 Gasoline | 140 hp Dimensions/Masses Length: 4.95 m | Width: 2.16 m | Height: 2.40 m Weight: 11500 kg Armor Maximum: 50 mm - Minimum: 8 mm Performances Max. Speed: 35 km/h | Power/weight: 12.2 hp/t | Range: 185 km Suspension: Leaf spring Armament Main: 1 x 150 mm sIG 33/1 L/12 Secondary: 1 x 7.92 mm MG34

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 18:45:31
...3331楼...
844
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来自:上海
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蟋蟀M型 性能参数 Specifications General Type: Light Assault Gun Crew: 5 Production: 172 (10/1943 - 11/1944) Engine Praga AC Gasoline | 150 hp Dimensions/Masses Length: 4.61 m | Width: 2.15 m | Height: 2.40 m Weight: 12000 kg Armor Maximum: 15 mm - Minimum: 6 mm Performances Max. Speed: 35 km/h | Power/weight: 12.5 hp/t | Range: 190 km Suspension: Leaf spring Armament Main: 1 x 150 mm sIG 33/1 L/12 Secondary: 1 x 7.92 mm MG34 图片 M型1944-1945年西部战线的涂装

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 18:48:55
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蟋蟀式自行火炮历史照片比较上 这里一张M型连队在开炮

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 19:01:20
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这里有一张H和M型一起在开炮

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 19:04:56
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一辆蟋蟀M型遗弃在城市巷战中

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 19:06:32
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蟋蟀自行火炮后面又有一款研制型 装17cm炮的 The German 17cm Grille (\"Cricket\") self-propelled gun was an attempt to mount the massive 17cm K 72 L/50 gun in an extremely modified Tiger II chassis. The hull was stretched and extra road wheels were added, and the engine was moved forward to a position directly behind the driver, allowing for a huge open fighting compartment to be added behind the engine room. As with many of Germany\'s late-war \"super weapons,\" the 17cm Grille only saw the light of day as a single, nearly-completed prototype, and was never put into service. The unfinished prototype was found by Allied troops in Haustenbeck in 1945. 1945年未完成研制的样车被盟军发现

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 19:11:00
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In 1943/44, Krupp started production of the prototype, while full-scale production was to start in mid-1945, but the end of the war cancelled any further development. It was planned to mount 170mm K 72 L/50 gun and to have a maximum armor of 30 mm.设计是装17厘米炮最厚3厘米装甲 One prototype of Grille 17 was completed in May of 1945 and was captured by British troops at Haustenbeck near Paderborn. 性能参数 Specifications General Type: Self-Propelled Gun Crew: 8 Production: 1 prototype Engine Maybach HL230P30 or HL230P45 Gasoline | 690 or 700 hp Dimensions/Masses Length: 13 m(with gun) | Width: 3.27 m | Height: 3.15 m Weight: 58000 kg Front Armor Maximum: 30 mm - Minimum: 16 mm Performances Max. Speed: 45 km/h | Power/weight: 12.6 hp/t | Range: 250km. Suspension: Torsion bars Armament Main: 170mm K 72 L/50 (5 rounds) Secondary: 2 x 7.92 mm MG 34

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 19:14:06
...3337楼...
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来自:上海
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最后一张关于蟋蟀自行火炮的照片 Ausf H型

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 19:16:13
...3338楼...
787
4
来自:上海
注册:2007-07-17
发帖:26+1749

大爱,mark

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 是谁允许你发帖的,你是哪个单位的,你领导电话多少?
2012-02-04 20:29:45
...3339楼...
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来自:上海
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介绍下nashorn和hummel吧,以前打游戏经常用的战车

nashorn 接着会介绍

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-04 21:35:38
...3340楼...
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来自:上海
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SdKfz 166 Brummbär 灰熊突击炮 The Sturmpanzer IV (also known as Sturmpanzer 43 or Sd.Kfz. 166) was a German armoured infantry support gun based on the Panzer IV chassis used in the Second World War. It was used at the Battles of Kursk, Anzio, Normandy, and helped to put down the Warsaw Uprising. It was known by the nickname Brummbär (German: \"Grouch\", not \"Grizzly Bear\") by Allied intelligence,[1] a name which was not used by the Germans. German soldiers nicknamed it the \"Stupa\",[2] a contraction of the term Sturmpanzer. 灰熊式突击炮(德文: Brummbär)是第二次世界大战时期由德国所开发自行火炮,德国方面的正式名称为IV号突击戦车 (Strumpanzer IV),制式编号为 Sd.Kfz.166。是以歩兵支援为目的,以IV号坦克的底盘为基础所制造出来的。 另外,虽然‘灰熊式’听起来符合德军坦克向来以动物为名称命名的惯例,但是目前大家所熟知的名称并非由德军所赋予的昵称,反而是由盟军的情报单位取的名字。徳军士兵习惯上称其为\"Stupa\",是取Strumpanzer( 突击戦车 )的简称。 图片 法国博物馆保留的灰熊突击炮

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-06 19:51:53
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来自:上海
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研发 The Sturmpanzer IV was a development of the Panzer IV tank designed to provide direct infantry fire support, especially in urban areas. The result was the Sturmpanzer IV, which used a Panzer IV chassis with the upper hull and turret replaced by a new casemate-style armored superstructure housing a new gun, the 15 centimetres (5.9 in) Sturmhaubitze (StuH) 43 L/12 developed by Skoda. It fired the same shells as the 15 cm sIG 33 heavy infantry gun. Thirty-eight rounds, with separate propellant cartridges, could be carried. It used the Sfl.**. 1a sight. A MG 34 machine gun was carried that could be fastened to the open gunner\'s hatch, much like the arrangement on the Sturmgeschütz III Ausf. G. Early vehicles carried a MP 40 sub-machine gun inside, which could be fired through firing ports in the side of the superstructure. The driver\'s station projected forward from the casemate\'s sloped frontal armor plate and used the Tiger I\'s Fahrersehklappe 80 driver\'s sight. The fighting compartment was (badly) ventilated by natural convection, exiting out the rear of the superstructure through two armored covers. Sideskirts were fitted on all vehicles.[3] Early vehicles were too heavy for the chassis, which lead to frequent breakdowns of the suspension and transmission. Efforts were made to ameliorate this from the second series onwards, with some success.[4] In October 1943 it was decided that the StuH 43 gun needed to be redesigned to reduce its weight. A new version, some 800 kilograms (1,800 lb) lighter than the StuH 43, was built as the StuH 43/1. Some of the weight was saved by reducing the armor on the gun mount itself. This gun was used from the third production series onwards. Zimmerit coating was applied to all vehicles until September 1944. 灰熊式是以IV号坦克为基础来开发,而以伴随歩兵部队前进,在战场上(特别是城市战斗)中提供大口径歩兵炮的直接火力支援为目的所设计出来的。 在此之前所开发,以一号坦克与二号坦克、Panzer 38(t)的底盘上搭载15cm歩兵炮sIG33的各种自行火炮在防御力方面都相当贫乏,而三号突击炮则因主炮威力不足,并不适合这样的角色。而在灰熊式之前,埃克特公司曾以III号戦车底盘上设置了厚重装甲的完全密闭型战斗室,并搭载15cm歩兵炮3制造出33B型III号突击歩兵炮。一共生产了24輌,其中大半都在斯大林格勒攻防战中损失了。 而开发出33B型的埃克特公司、接下来便以四号坦克为基础开发了新型的车辆,而其结果就是灰熊式。将由 sIG33发展而来,使用相同弹药的15cm 43式突击榴炮(15cm Sturmhaubitze 43 L/12)装载于固定战斗室之中。灰熊式与明显感觉得出是战时急造品的前作33B相比,拥有更厚重的装甲。在初期、中期型里,车内配有副武装的MG34机枪与MP40冲锋枪,可以舱口以及战斗室左右斜前方与侧面、后面枪口来发射。可以因应来自敌方歩兵的肉搏攻击。 灰熊式与IV号坦克相比,由于主炮的搭载位置与厚重的前面装甲而使得头重脚轻(重心集中于前方)。更因为没有炮搭,为了瞄准就必须让车体左右旋转,所以相较于坦克其传动系统与变速箱的负荷也较大,比较容易故障。 从1943年12月起,则开始生产被称为“中期型”的改良型车体。使用拥有厚度80mm的车体前方下部装甲的IV号坦克H型底盘,并搭载了新型軽量化版本的StuH 43/1 L/12。(回收的初期型也会换装此型主炮)并废止与虎I式同様驾驶用直视观测窗,改采用潜望镜来看前方。 而拥有全新的上部构造的“后期型”也从1944年4月开始生产,6月起底盘部分则变更采用IV号戦车J型款式。车体前面装甲则改用单片式与车体同宽的装甲板,以提高生产性。并且在左上方的凸出部分搭载了MG34机枪用的球型脚架。对于头重脚轻的问题,前方的转轮全都更换为钢制(内侧加入橡胶缓冲材料),以抑制磨耗。此款后期型在本系列中是生产数量最多的。 图片 Sturmpanzer IV in the Anzio-Nettuno area of Italy, March 1944 1944年3月 在意大利的一辆灰熊突击炮

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-06 19:54:25
...3342楼...
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来自:上海
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Production 生产记录 1st Series 第一代 1943年4月开始首先生产60辆 Production of the first series of 60 vehicles began in April 1943. Fifty-two of these were built using new Panzer IV Ausf. G chassis and the remaining 8 from rebuilt Ausf. E and F chassis. Survivors, about half, were rebuilt beginning in December 1943; they were mostly rebuilt to 2nd series standards. 2nd Series 第二代 1943年12月重新开始生产 Production restarted in December 1943 of another 60 vehicles, using only new Ausf. H chassis, and continued until March 1944. The Stupa\'s baptism in combat at the Battle of Kursk proved that the driver\'s compartment was too lightly armored and it was reinforced. The gunner\'s hatch was removed and a ventilator fan was fitted, much to the relief of the crew. Internally-sprung, steel-rimmed road wheels replaced the front two rubber-rimmed road wheels in an effort to reduce the stress on the forward suspension that was only partially successful 3rd Series 第三代 1944年3-6月生产 Production of the 3rd series ran from March to June 1944 with few changes from the second series. The Fahrersehklappe 80 was replaced by periscopes and the lighter StuH 43/1 was used. 4th series 1944年早期结构重新被设计过 从1944年6月到1945年3月生产 The superstructure was redesigned in early 1944 for the fourth series, which used the chassis and HL120TRM112 engine of the Ausf. J, and was in production between June 1944 and March 1945. It featured a redesigned gun collar, as well as a general reduction in height of the superstructure. This redesign also introduced a ball mount in the front superstructure for a MG 34 machine gun with 600 rounds. The vehicle commander\'s position was modified to use the cupola of the Sturmgeschütz III Ausf. G, which could mount a machine gun for anti-aircraft defense

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-06 19:58:51
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战斗历史 Combat history Sturmpanzer-Abteilung 216 The first unit to take the Sturmpanzer IV into battle was Sturmpanzer-Abteilung 216. It was formed at the end of April 1943 and transferred in early May to Amiens to train on its new assault guns. It was organized into 3 line companies, each with 14 vehicles, and a battalion headquarters with 3 vehicles. It arrived in Central Russia on 10 June 1943 to prepare for Unternehmen Zitadelle (Operation Citadel), the German attack on the Kursk Salient. For this action it was temporarily assigned as the third battalion of schweres Panzerjäger Regiment 656 (\"Heavy Anti-tank Regiment 656\") under the command of the 9th Army of Army Group Center. It remained in the Orel-Bryansk area until its transfer to the Dnepropetrovsk-Zaporozhe area at the end of August. Its vehicles were refitted there and it remained there until the Zaporozhe Bridgehead was abandoned on 15 October. The battalion retreated to Nikopol where it helped to defend the German salient there until it was withdrawn back to the Reich at the end of December.[7] The Allied landing at Anzio on 22 January 1944 caused the battalion, fully independent once more, to be transferred there in early February with 28 vehicles to participate in the planned counterattack against the Allied beachhead, Unternehmen Fischfang. This failed in its objective, but the battalion remained in Italy for the rest of the war. The battalion still had 42 vehicles on hand when the Allies launched their Po Valley offensive in April 1945, but all were blown up to prevent capture or lost during the retreat before the war ended in May Sturmpanzer-Abteilung 217 Sturmpanzer-Abteilung 217 was formed on 20 April 1944 at the Grafenwöhr Training Area from cadres provided by Panzer-Kompanie 40 and Panzer-Ersatz Abteilung 18, although it did not have any armoured fighting vehicles until 19 \'Stupas\' were delivered at the end of May It departed 1/2 July for the Normandy Front. Here it had to detrain in Condé sur Noireau, some 170 kilometres (110 mi) behind the front lines, because the Allies had heavily damaged the French rail network. Many of the battalion\'s vehicles broke down during the road march to the front lines. The first mention of Sturmpanzer IVs in combat is on 7 August near Caen. On 19 August, the battalion had 17 Sturmpanzers operational and another 14 in maintenance. Most of the battalion was not trapped in the Falaise Pocket and managed to retreat to the northeast. It had only 22 vehicles in October, which were divided between the 1st and 2nd Companies; the surplus crews were sent to Panzer-Ersatz Abteilung 18. It participated in the Battle of the Bulge, only advancing as far as St. Vith. It was continually on the retreat for the rest of the war and was captured in the Ruhr Pocket in April 1945. Sturmpanzer-Kompanie z.b.V. 218 Sturmpanzer-Kompanie z.b.V. 218 was raised in August 1944. It was sent to Warsaw where it was attached to Panzer Abteilung (Fkl) 302. It remained on the Eastern Front after the Warsaw Uprising was suppressed and was eventually wiped out in East Prussia in April 1945. It was supposed to have been the cadre for Sturmpanzer Abteilung 218 in January 1945, but it was never pulled out of the front lines to do so. Sturmpanzer-Kompanie z.b.V. 2./218 was raised simultaneously with Sturmpanzer Kompanie z.b.V. 218, but was transferred to the Paris area on 20 August. Nothing is known of its service in France, but company personnel were sent to Panzer-Ersatz Abteilung 18 at the end of the year and were supposed to have been used in the formation of Sturmpanzer Abteilung 218.[9] Sturmpanzer-Abteilung 218 was ordered formed on 6 January 1945 with three companies with a total of 45 Stupas, but it received Sturmgeschütz III assault guns during February instead. Sturmpanzer-Abteilung 219 Sturmpanzer-Abteilung 219 was originally to be formed from Sturmgeschütz-Brigade 914, but this was changed to Sturmgeschütz-Brigade 237 in September 1944. In mid-September 1944 the brigade transferred to the Döllersheim Training Area to reorganize and re-equip. Only ten Stupas had been received when the battalion was alerted on 15 October to participate in \'Unternehmen Eisenfaust\', the German coup to forestall Hungary\'s attempt to surrender to the Allies. All the vehicles were given to the First Company and it departed for Budapest on the following day. Bomb damage to the rails delayed its arrival until 19 October, by which time it was no longer needed as a pro-German government had been installed. It was railed to St. Martin, Slovakia for more training. The battalion was transferred to the vicinity of Stuhlweißenburg to relieve trapped German forces in Budapest. It remained in the vicinity of Budapest until forced to retreat by advancing Soviet forces.[

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-06 20:01:04
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来自:上海
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参数性能 Specifications General Type: Assault Gun Crew: 5 Production: 298 + 8 converted from Pz.Kpfw IV (04/1943 - 03/1945) Total Brummbär Engine Maybach HL 120TRM Gasoline | 300 hp Dimensions/Masses Length: 5.93 m | Width: 3.57 m | Height: 2.88 m Weight: 28200 kg Armor Maximum: 100 mm - Minimum: 10 mm Performances Max. Speed: 38 km/h | Power/weight: 10.6 hp/t | Range: 210 km Suspension: Leaf springs Armament Main: 1 x 150 mm StuH 43 L/12 Secondary: 1 x 7.92 mm MG34

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-06 20:03:29
...3345楼...
846
45
来自:上海
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发帖:372+14561

早期的灰熊彩色图

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-06 20:06:06
...3346楼...
846
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来自:上海
注册:2008-07-20
发帖:372+14562

黑白历史照片

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-06 20:08:32
...3347楼...
846
45
来自:上海
注册:2008-07-20
发帖:372+14563

生产中的灰熊

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-06 20:09:36
...3348楼...
846
45
来自:上海
注册:2008-07-20
发帖:372+14564

炸的连轮子也没有的灰熊

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KDS这座山,里面也就是挤满各种各样的人 上海小市民,小娄娄等等,不能代表上海主流文化,但是个嘻嘻哈哈和宣泄的地方。
2012-02-06 20:10:47
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引用20楼@ 特雷西00 发表的:

首先,请你以一种,团成一个团的姿势,然后,慢慢地比较圆润的方式,离开这座让你讨厌的城市,或者讨厌的人的周围首先,请你以一种,团成一个团的姿势,然后,慢慢地比较圆润的方式,离开这座让你讨厌的城市,或者讨厌的人的周围

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